Shiloh, TN - April 6-7, 1862
Army of the Ohio Commander Don Carlos Buell’s Report on Battle at Shiloh

HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE OHIO,
Field of Shiloh, April 15, 1862.

SIR: The rear division of the army under my command, which had been delayed a considerable time
in rebuilding the Duck River Bridge, left Columbia on the 3d instant. I left the evening of that day, and
arrived at Savannah on the evening of the 5th. General Nelson, with his division, which formed the
advance, arrived the same day. The other divisions marched with intervals of about 6 miles.

On the morning of the 6th the firing of cannon and musketry was heard in the direction of this place.
Apprehending that a serious engagement had commenced, I went to General Grant's headquarters to
get information as to the best means of reaching the battle-field with the division that had arrived. At
the same time orders were dispatched to the divisions in rear to leave their trains and push forward by
forced marches. I learned that General Grant had just started, leaving orders for General Nelson to
march to the river opposite Pittsburg Landing to be ferried across. On examination of the road up the
river I discovered it to be impracticable for artillery, and General Nelson was directed to leave his to
be carried forward by steamers.

The impression existed at Savannah that the firing was only an affair of outposts, the same thing having
occurred for the two or three previous days; but as it continued I determined to go at once to the
scene of action, and accordingly started with my chief of staff, Colonel Fry, on a steamer, which I had
ordered to get under steam. As we proceeded up the river groups of soldiers were seen upon the
west bank, and it soon became evident that they were stragglers from the army that was engaged. The
groups increased in size and frequency, until, as we approached the Landing, they amounted to whole
companies, and almost regiments, and at the Landing the banks swarmed with a confused mass of
men of various regiments. The number could not have been less than 4,000 or 5,000, and later in the
day it became much greater.

Finding General Grant at the Landing I requested him to send steamers to Savannah to bring up
General Crittenden's division, which had arrived during the morning, and then went ashore with him.
The throng of disorganized and demoralized troops increased continually by fresh fugitives from the
battle, which steadily drew nearer the Landing, and with these were mingled great numbers of teams,
all striving to get as near as possible to the river. With few exceptions all efforts to form the troops
and move them forward to the fight utterly failed.

In the mean time the enemy had made such progress against our troops that his artillery and musketry
began to play into the vital spot of the position, and some persons were killed on the bank at the very
Landing. General Nelson arrived with Colonel Ammen's brigade at this opportune moment. It was
immediately posted to meet the attack at that point, and, with a battery of artillery which happened to
be on the ground and was brought into action, opened fire on the enemy and repulsed him. The action
of the gunboats also contributed very much to that result. The attack at that point was not renewed,
night having come on, and the firing ceased on both sides.

In the mean time the remainder of General Nelson's division crossed, and General Crittenden's arrived
from Savannah by steamers. After examining the ground as well as was possible at night in front of the
line on which General Grant's troops had formed and as far to the right as General Sherman's division,
I directed Nelson's and Crittenden's divisions to form in front of that line, and move forward as soon
as it Was light in the morning. During the night and early the following morning Captain Bartlett's Ohio
battery, Captain Mendenhall's regular battery, and Captain Terrill's regular battery, Fifth Artillery,
arrived. General McCook arrived at Savannah during the night of the 6th, and reached the field of
battle early in the morning of the 7th. I knew that the other divisions could not arrive in time for the
action that day.

The patch of country on which the battles of the 6th and 7th were fought is called Shiloh, from the
little church of that name which stands near the center of it. It consists of an undulating table-land,
elevated some 80 or 100 feet above the river bottom. Along the Tennessee River to the east it breaks
into abrupt ravines, and towards the south, along Lick Creek, which empties into the Tennessee River
some 3 miles above Pittsburg Landing, rises into a range of hills of some height, whose slopes are
gradual towards the battle-field and somewhat abrupt towards Lick Creek. Owl Creek, rising quite
near the source, e of Lick Creek, flows to the northeast around the battle-field into Snake Creek,
which empties into the Tennessee River 4 miles below Lick Creek. The drainage is mainly from the
Lick Creek Ridge and the table-land into Owl Creek.

Coming from Corinth, the principal road crosses Lick Creek at two points some 12 miles from its
mouth, and separates into three or four principal branches, which enter the table-land from the south
at a distance of about a mile apart. Generally the face of the country is covered with woods, through
which troops can pass without great difficulty, though occasionally the undergrowth is dense. Small
farms or cultivated fields of from 20 to 80 acres occur now and then, but as a general thing the
country is in forest. My entire ignorance of the various roads and of the character of the country at the
time rendered it impossible to anticipate the probable dispositions of the enemy, and the woods were
always sufficient to screen his preparatory movements from observation.

Soon after 5 o'clock on the morning of the 7th General Nelson's and General Crittenden's divisions,
the only ones yet arrived on the ground, moved promptly forward to meet the enemy. Nelson's
division, marching in line of battle, soon came upon his pickets, drove them in, and at about 6 o'clock
received the fire of his artillery. The division was here halted and Mendenhall's battery brought into
action to reply, while Crittenden's division was being put into position on the right of Nelson's.
Bartlett's battery was posted in the center of Crittenden's division in a commanding position, opposite
which the enemy was discovered to be formed in force. By this time McCook's division arrived on
the ground, and was immediately formed on the right of Crittenden's. Skirmishers were thrown to the
front and a strong body of them to guard our left flank, which, though somewhat protected by rough
ground, it was supposed the enemy might attempt to turn, and, in fact, did, but was handsomely
repulsed, with great loss. Each brigade furnished its own reserve, and in addition Boyle's brigade,
from Crittenden's division, though it formed at first in the line, was kept somewhat back when the line
advanced, to be used as occasion might require. I found on the ground parts of about two regiments--
perhaps 1,000 men--and subsequently a similar fragment came up of General Grant's force. The first I
directed to act with General McCook's attack and the second was similarly employed on the left. I
saw other straggling troops of General Grant's force immediately on General McCook's right, and
some firing had already commenced there. I have no direct knowledge of the disposition of the
remainder of General Grant's forces nor is it my province to speak of them. Those that came under
my direction in the way I have stated rendered willing and efficient service during the day.

The force under my command occupied a line of about 1½ miles. In front of Nelson's division was
an open field, partially screened toward his right by a skirt of woods, which extended beyond the
enemy's line, with a thick undergrowth in front of the left brigade of Crittenden's  division; then an
open field in front of Crittenden's right and McCook's left, and in front of McCook's right woods
again, with a dense undergrowth. The ground, nearly level in front of Nelson, formed a hollow in front
of Crittenden, and fell into a small creek or ravine, which empties into Owl Creek, in front of
McCook.

What I afterward learned was the Hamburg road (which crosses Lick Creek a mile from its mouth)
passed perpendicularly through the line of battle near Nelson's left. On a line slightly oblique to ours,
and beyond the open field, the enemy was formed, with a battery in front of Nelson's left, a battery
commanding the woods in front of Crittenden's left and flanking the fields in front of Nelson, a battery
commanding the same woods and the field in front of Crittenden's right and McCook's left, and a
battery in front of McCook's right. A short distance in rear of the enemy's left, on high, open ground,
were the encampments of McClernand's and Sherman's divisions, which the enemy held.

While my troops were getting into position on the right the artillery fire was kept up between
Mendenhall's battery and the enemy's second battery with some effect. Bartlett's battery was hardly in
position before the enemy's third battery opened fire on that part of the line, and when, very soon
after our line advanced, with strong bodies of skirmishers in front, the action became general and
continued with severity during the greater part of the day and until the enemy was driven from the field.

The obliquity of our line, the left being thrown forward, brought Nelson's division first into action, and
it became very hotly engaged at an early hour. A charge of the Nineteenth Brigade from Nelson's
right, led by its commander, Colonel Hazen, reached the enemy's second battery, but the brigade
sustained a heavy loss from the fire of the enemy's batteries, and was unable to maintain its advantage
against the heavy infantry force that came forward to oppose it. The enemy recovered the battery and
followed up his momentary advantage by throwing a heavy force of infantry into the woods in front of
Crittenden's left.

The left brigade (Col. W. S. Smith) of that division advanced into the woods, repulsed the enemy,
and took several prisoners. In the mean time Captain Terrill's battery, Fifth Artillery, which had just
landed, reached the field, and was ordered into action near the left, with Nelson's division, which was
very heavily pressed by the greater numbers of the enemy. It belonged, properly, to McCook's
division. It took position near the Hamburg road, in the open ground in front of the enemy's right, and
at once began to act with decided effect upon the tide of battle in that quarter. The enemy's right
battery was silenced. Ammen's brigade, which was on the left, advanced in good order upon the
enemy's right, but was checked for some time by his endeavor to turn our left flank and by his strong
counterattack in front. Captain Terrill, who in the mean time had taken an advanced position, was
compelled to retire, leaving one caisson, in which every horse was killed or disabled. It was very soon
recovered. Having been re-enforced by a regiment from General Boyle's brigade, Nelson's division
again moved forward and forced the enemy to abandon entirely his position. This success flanked the
enemy's position at his second and third batteries, from which he was soon driven, with the loss of
several pieces of artillery, by the concentrated fire of Terrill's and Mendenhall's batteries and an attack
from Crittenden's division in front. The enemy made a second stand some 800 yards in rear of this
position and opened fire with his artillery. Mendenhall's battery was thrown  forward, silenced the
battery, and it was captured by General Crittenden's division, the enemy retreating from it.

In the mean time the division of General McCook on the right, which became engaged somewhat later
in the morning than the divisions on the left, had made steady progress until it drove the enemy's left
from the hotly-contested field. The action was commenced in this division by General Rousseau's
brigade, which drove the enemy in front of it from his first position and captured a battery. The line of
attack of this division caused a considerable widening of the space between it and Crittenden's right.
It was also outflanked on its right by the line of the enemy, who made repeated strong attacks on its
flanks, but was always gallantly repulsed. The enemy made his last decided stand in front of this
division in the woods beyond Sherman's camp.

Two brigades of General Wood's division arrived just at the close of the battle, but only one of them
(Colonel Wagner's) in time to participate actively in the pursuit, which it continued for about a mile
and until halted by my order. Its skirmishers became engaged for a few minutes with skirmishers
(cavalry and infantry) of the enemy's rear guard, which made a momentary stand. It was also fired
upon by the enemy's artillery on its right flank, but without effect. It was well-conducted by its
commander, and showed great steadiness.

The pursuit was continued no farther that day. I was without cavalry, and the different corps had
become a good deal scattered in a pursuit over a country which screened the movements of' the
enemy, and the roads of which I knew practically nothing.

In the beginning of the pursuit, thinking it probable the enemy had retired partly by the Hamburg road,
I had ordered Nelson's division to follow as far as Lick Creek, on that road, from which, I afterwards
learned, the direct Corinth road was separated by a difficult ravine which empties into Lick Creek. I
therefore occupied myself with examining the ground and getting the different divisions into position,
which was not effected until some time after dark.

The following morning, in pursuance of the directions of General Grant, General Wood was sent
forward with two of his brigades and a battery of artillery to discover the position of the enemy, and
press him if he should be found in retreat. General Sherman, with about the same force from General
Grant's army, was on the same service, and had a spirited skirmish with the enemy's cavalry, driving it
back. The main force was found to have retreated beyond Lick Creek, and our troops returned at
night.

The loss of the forces under my command is 263 killed, 1,816 wounded, 88 missing; total, 2,167.  
The trophies are twenty pieces of artillery, a greater number of caissons, and a considerable number
of small-arms. Many of the cannon were recaptured from the loss of the previous day. Several stand
of colors were also recaptured.

There were no idlers in the battle of the 7th. Every portion of the army did its work. The batteries of
Captains Terrill and Mendenhall were splendidly handled and served; that of Captain Bartlett was
served with great spirit and gallantry, though with less decisive re-salts.

I specially commend to the favor of the Government, for their distinguished gallantry and good
conduct Brig. Gen. A. McD. McCook, commanding Second Division` Brig. Gen. William Nelson,
commanding Fourth Division; Brig. Gen. Thomas L. Crittenden, commanding  Fifth Division; Brig.
Gen. Lovell H. Rousseau, commanding Fourth Brigade; Brig. Gen. J. T. Boyle, commanding Eleventh
Brigade; Col. J. Ammen, Twenty-fourth Ohio, commanding Tenth Brigade; Col. W. S. Smith,
Thirteenth Ohio, commanding Fourteenth Brigade; Col. E. N. Kirk, Thirty-fourth Illinois, commanding
Fifth Brigade; Col. W.H. Gibson, Forty-ninth Ohio, temporarily commanding Sixth Brigade; Capt.
W. R. Terrill, Fifth Artillery; Capt. John Mendenhall, Fourth Artillery; Capt. Joseph Bartlett, Ohio
Volunteer Battery. For the many other officers who won honorable distinction I refer to the reports of
the division, brigade, and regimental commanders, transmitted herewith, as also for more detailed
information of the services of the different corps. I join cordially in the commendations bestowed by
those officers on those under their command. The gallantry of many of them came under my personal
observation.

The members of my staff, Col. James B. Fry, chief of staff; Capt. J. M. Wright, assistant adjutant-
general; Lieut. C. L. Fitzhugh, Fourth Artillery, aide-de-camp; Lieut. A. F. Rockwell, New York
Chasseurs, aide-de-camp; Lieut. T. J. Bush, Twenty-fourth Kentucky, aide-de-camp; Capt. J. H.
Gilman, Nineteenth Infantry, inspector of artillery; Capt. E. Gay, Sixteenth Infantry, inspector of
cavalry; Capt. H. C. Bankhead, Fifth Infantry, inspector of infantry; and Capt. Nathaniel Michler,
Topographical Engineers, were distinguished for gallant bearing throughout the battle, and rendered
valuable service. The gallant deportment of my orderlies, Privates A. J. Williamson, Fourth Cavalry,
and N.M. Smith, J. R. Hewitt, J. A. Stevenson, and V. B. Hummel, of the Anderson Troop, also
deserves to be mentioned. I am particularly indebted to Colonel Fry, chief of staff, for valuable
assistance in the battle, as well as for the ability and industry with which he has at all times performed
the important duties of his position. Surgeon Murray, medical director, always assiduous in the
discharge of his duties, was actively engaged on the field in taking the best care of the wounded the
circumstances admitted of. Capt. A. C. Gillem, assistant quartermaster, is entitled to great credit for
his energy and industry in providing transportation for the troops from Savannah. Lieut. Col. James
Oakes, Fourth Cavalry, inspector of cavalry, and Capt. C. C. Gilbert, First Infantry, acting inspector-
general, who have rendered zealous and valuable service in their positions, were detained at
Savannah, and unable to be present in the action.

The troops which did not arrive in time for the battle, General Thomas' and part of General Wood's
divisions (a portion of the latter, as I have previously stated, took part in the pursuit, and the
remainder arrived in the evening), are entitled to the highest praise for the untiring energy with which
they pressed forward night and day to share the dangers of their comrades. One of those divisions
(General Thomas') had already under his command made its name honorable by one of the most
memorable victories of the war--Mill Springs--on which the tide of success seemed to turn steadily in
favor of the Union.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

D. C. BUELL,
Major-General, Commanding.
Capt. N. H. McLEAN,
Assistant Adjutant-General, Department of the Mississippi.

O Officers. A Aggregate
M Enlisted Men.

--Killed-- -Wounded- Missing.
Command. O M O M O M A
Second 6 87 33 771 .... 9 906
Fourth 6 84 33 558 .... 58 739
Fifth 9 71 21 396 .... 21 518
Sixth .... .... .... 4 .... .... 4
Total    21 242 87 1,729 .... 88 2,167
-----
GENERAL ORDERS No. 6.
HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE OHIO,
Field of Shiloh, Tenn., April 8, 1862.

The general congratulates the army under his command on the imperishable honor which they won
yesterday on the battle-field of Shiloh, near Pittsburg Landing. The alacrity and zeal with which they
pressed forward by forced marches to the succor of their comrades of a sister army imperiled by the
attack of an overwhelming force; the gallantry with which they assaulted the enemy, and the
persevering courage with which they maintained an incessant conflict against superior numbers from 6
o'clock in the morning until evening, when the enemy was driven from the field, are incidents which
point to a great service nobly performed.

The general reminds his troops again that such results are not attained by individual prowess alone;
that subordination and careful training are essential to the efficiency of every army, and that the
success which has given them a brilliant page in history is greatly due to the readiness with which they
have seconded the labors of their division, brigade, and regimental commanders, who first disciplined
them in camp and then led them judiciously and gallantly in battle.
By command of Major-General Buell:
JAMES B. FRY,
Assistant Adjutant-General, Chief of Staff.


                    
Brigadier General Thomas J Wood’s Report on Shiloh

HDQRS. SIXTH DIVISION, ARMY OF THE OHIO,
On the Battle-field, near Pittsburg, Tenn., April 10, 1862.

SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of my division in the battle of
the 7th instant:

About midday on the 6th instant, while two brigades of the division—  the Third Ohio Cavalry, and
the three batteries of Cockerill, Cochran, and Schultz, with the baggage and supply trains— were on
the march toward Savannah, and about 18 miles thence, an order was received directing me to leave
baggage and supply trains in the rear and to press forward with the troops, provided with three days'
rations in their haversacks and 40 rounds of ammunition in the cartridge boxes. I was also ordered to
bring forward the ammunition train. While arrangements were being made to carry the order into
effect I received a second order, directing me to press forward as rapidly as possible with the troops,
but to bring forward also all my train· An intimation also accompanied the order that the enemy had
not made a substantial attack, but simply a forced reconnaissance.

I immediately recommenced the march, in compliance with the second order, but the movement was
painfully slow and laborious, as the route was entirely blocked with the numerous trains of the
divisions in front. It was impossible to advance more than a mile an hour. While thus engaged I
received a third order at 5.30 o'clock p.m. reiterating the first order, with the additional direction not
to bring on the ammunition train. I was also informed with this order that the attack seemed to be in
earnest Dispositions were at once made to comply with this order but before these were fully
completed night had fallen, and two brigades (less the Fifty-first Regiment Indiana; Volunteers, left as
a guard to the train) and the batteries commenced a night march over a road almost inconceivably bad
and obstructed by wagon trains, many of which were immovably stuck in the mud. With all these
embarrassments to impede the movement and render it laborious and slow, about 12 o'clock the
darkness became impenetrable and the rain began to fall in torrents. It was impossible to see a pace in
advance, and it was absolutely necessary to halt until the storm had passed and the road had become
sufficiently illuminated to permit the onward movement. The troops were eager to advance to the
assistance of their hard-pressed brethren, and their chafing and impatience under the inability to
advance may be more readily imagined than described.

So soon as the subsidence of the storm and the faint returning light permitted-the march was resumed
and pressed vigorously. Savannah was reached early on the morning of the 7th, and so soon as
possible the embarkation for the battle-field commenced. Wagner's brigade (the Twenty-first),
consisting of the Fifteenth, Fortieth, and Fifty-seventh Indiana and Twenty-fourth Kentucky
Volunteers, was first embarked. In order to hasten, by my personal supervision, the embarkation of
the remainder of the troops I remained in Savannah till the Twentieth Brigade (Garfield's) embarked,
and ordered one of my aides-de-camp, Captain Lennard, to accompany the Twenty-first Brigade to
the battlefield and report it to the commanding general. The brigade had fully debarked by 12 m., and
for its operations from that hour to my own arrival, at I p.m., I refer to Colonel Wagner's report,
herewith submitted, with the simple remark that it did good service in driving the enemy from his last
strong stand, and compelling him, by a vigorous pursuit, into a rapid retreat.

The Twentieth Brigade, consisting of the Sixty-fourth and Sixty-fifth Ohio and Thirteenth Michigan
Regiments, was embarked so soon as transports were ready, and finding it would be impossible to
get transportation immediately for the artillery and cavalry of my division, I accompanied this brigade.
It was debarked on arriving at Pittsburg with the least possible delay, and under an order received
from Major-General Grant to conduct it to whatever part of the field on which the firing seemed to be
hottest, I led it to the engagement.

By this time the valor of the troops hitherto engaged had been crowned with the deserved success of
forcing the enemy from his last obstinate resistance, and it was left to the Twentieth Brigade simply to
vigor in the pursuit. This was done at once, and though pressed with vigor, it was never near enough
to reach the fugitives with small-arms, notwithstanding it was under the fire of the battery covering the
retreat of the enemy. General Garfield's report is herewith submitted, showing  more in detail the
operations of his brigade. It was unfortunate that transports could not be obtained to bring forward
the artillery with the foot of my division. I cannot doubt the usefulness and efficiency of its action, after
the artillery previously engaged had been materially exhausted in pressing the retreat of the enemy,
and, perhaps fortunately, causing it to degenerate into an utter rout.

As early as practicable after the pursuit had been desisted from I reported the Twentieth Brigade to
the commanding general (Buell), and was ordered to place it to the right of the Twenty-first Brigade,
which he had already placed in position. The two brigades bivouacked the night of the 7th instant on
the line of the retreat of the enemy, ready for the battle on the morrow should he have the temerity to
renew the contest.
On the 8th I was ordered to make a reconnaissance with the two brigades and Captain Stone's
battery (in conjunction with two brigades and a cavalry force, under Brigadier-General Sherman),
several miles in advance, on the enemy's line of retreat. By this reconnaissance it was discovered that
the enemy had retreated rapidly and in disorder, leaving many of his wounded and dead in his rear.
The line of retreat was marked by abandoned and destroyed stores and munitions of war and arms.
Various field hospitals filled with wounded were discovered on both sides of the road by which he
had retreated. It was also determined satisfactorily by the reconnaissance that the main body of the
enemy repassed Lick Creek, distant several miles from the battle-field, on Monday night, leaving only
a cavalry force in rear to protect his rapid retreat.

The Fifteenth Brigade (Brigadier-General Hascall's) was detached {
Note: 26th OVI was part of the
15th Brigade
}, by an order of the general commanding, three days' march from the Tennessee
River, to make a detour by the way of Lawrence-burg, which prevented it, notwithstanding it made a
rapid and laborious forced march, from arriving on the battle-field until 10 o'clock on Tuesday
morning. Worn as it then was, it was anxious to participate in the forced reconnaissance. The troops
under fire behaved with great coolness and were eager to engage the enemy. The cheerfulness and
alacrity with which they bore the labor and fatigue of rapid march, compactly conducted, of 140
miles, from Nashville to Savannah, is an earnest of their zeal to be present in the great battle and
victory, and I take great pleasure in commending their soldierly conduct, as well on the march as in
the action, to the notice of the commanding general.

From the part borne by my division in the action, where all behaved well, it is difficult to discriminate
individuals for special commendation; but I deem it only an act of justice to signalize the brigade
commanders, Brigadier-General Garfield, commanding the Twentieth, and Colonel Wagner,
commanding the Twenty-first Brigade for their good conduct and efficiency.

To the officers of my personal staff, Captain Schlater, assistant adjutant-general, and Captain
Lennard, Thirty-sixth Indiana, and Captain Clark, Twenty-ninth Indiana, aides-de-camp, as also to
the officers of  my general staff, Lieutenant-Colonel Gass, Sixty-fourth Ohio; Surgeon Mussy, senior
medical officer of the division; Lieutenant Gregg, Sixty-fifth Ohio, division commissary; Lieutenant
Hunt, Sixty-fifth Ohio, division ordnance officer, and Lieutenant Martin, Twenty-first Ohio signal
officer, my thanks are specially due for their promptness and general good conduct.

A field desk was captured on the field by my division, containing the order of General A. Sidney
Johnston, commanding the Grand Army of the Mississippi, organizing his army for the late great
battle. The order shows how grand and well organized was the attacking force, and bears evidence
that the troops had been drawn from every available source. The desk also contained a copy of
General Johnston's address to his army. The address, made on the eve of the march to the encounter,
shows that the commander-in-chief sought to inflame the zeal and courage of his troops by the most
incendiary appeal, as well as proves how momentous was the conflict through which our troops have
so fortunately and honorably passed.
A copy of the order and address is herewith submitted,   as also of my own order of congratulation to
the division.

I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
TH. J. WOOD,
Brigadier-General of Volunteers, Commanding.
Col. J. B. Fry,
Assistant Adjutant-General, Chief of Staff.
[Inclosure.]

GENERAL ORDERS No. 32.
HDQRS. SIXTH DIV. ARMY OF THE OHIO,
Battlefield, near Pittsburg, Tenn., April 8, 1862.

The enemy, flushed with the success of his operations on the 6th instant, was attacked vigorously and
driven back on the 7th instant, after he had almost succeeded in getting possession of the last line of
defense of our troops.
The brilliant deeds of the troops who achieved this signal success merit and will receive the tribute of
our country's gratitude and admiration. Although it was not the good fortune of the division to arrive
on the field of battle until just before the enemy was driven from his last stand (in which closing attack
one brigade of the division actively participated), all are cheered by the consciousness of having made
an extraordinary efforts bearing the fatigue and privations incident thereto not only with fortitude and
cheerfulness, to participate in the brilliant feat of arms which will in future render the site of the battle a
classic spot in the annals of our country.

By command of Brigadier-General Wood:
WILLIAM H. SCHLATER,
Assistant Adjutant-General.
Official Reports from Army of the Ohio Commander General Don Carlos
Buell,
                               and 6th Division Commander Thomas J Wood
Source:  Official Record, Vol X, part 1, Serial 10
Lawrenceburg, Tenn  April 6, 1862